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Research Bulletin by RS

Low fire hazard textile materials for shipbuilding
Authors: N.L Konstantinova, LS. Semibratova, N.A. Tereshina, A.O. Shashkov

Abstract

The article considers the issues of fireproof textile materials (TM) application in their use as interior decoration onboard a ship. The study provided the evaluation of the fire hazard of different kinds of TM, researched their flammability and fire susceptibility of the surface, revealing that one of the most effective methods of obtaining fireproof TMs not impacting their main exploitation properties is the consistent use of heat-resistant and (or) flame retarded fibers or their combinations. The results of experimental studies on the main fire hazard indicators and the characteristics of the exploitation properties of domestic mass-produced TM made of a fiber mix for shipbuilding are presented.

Keywords: textile materials (TM), low fire hazard, surface spread flame, the smoke production, flammability, the emission of gas toxic products of thermal decomposition, TM compliant with the requirements regulating their fireproof application in ships.

References

1. Pravila klassifikacii i postrojki sudov vnutrennego plavanija (PSVP), chasf V "Materialy i svarka" [Rules for the classification and construction of ships of inner area of navigation (PSVP), part V, "Materials and welding"]. Moscow, 2008. (In Russian)
2. Mezhdunarodnyj kodeks po primeneniju procedur ispytanija na ognestojkosf 2010 goda (kodeks PIO 2010). MO resolution MSC.307(88) [International code for application of fire test procedures, 2010 (2010 FTP code). MO resolution MSC.307(88)] CNDMF, St Petersburg, 2011, 560 p. (In Russian)
3. GOST 12.1.044-89 'Pozharovzryvoopasnosf veshhestv i materialov. Nomenklatura pokazatelej i melody opredelenija". [State Standard 12.1.044-89 "Occupational safety standards system Fire and explosion hazard of substances and materials. Nomenclature of indices and methods of their determination"] Moscow, IPK Publ., 2000. (In Russian)
4. GOST R 53294-2009 Materialy tekstil'nye. Postel'nye prinadle-zhnosti. Mjagkie jelementy mjagkoj mebeli. Shtory. Zanavesi. Metody ispytanij na vosplamenjaemosf. [State Standard of Russia 53294-2009 "Textile materials. Bedding articles. Upholstered fiirniture. Blinds. Curtains. Flammability test methods"] Moscow, Standartinform Publ., 2009. (In Russian)
5. Zubkova N.S., Konstantinova N.I. Ognezashhita tekstil'nyh materialov [The fire protection of textile materials] M.: Institut informacionnyh tehnologij, 2008, 228 p. (In Russian)
6. Konstantinova N1 Problemy zashhity materialov iz smesi volokon [Problems of protection of materials from a mixture of fibers] Pozharnaja bezopasnost [Fire safety]. 2003. š2: pp. 109-119. (In Russian)

About authors

Natalia Konstantinova - DSc, professor, FSEA Research Institute for Fire Protection of Ministry of Russian Federation for Civil Defense, Emergencies and Elimination of Consequences of Natural Disasters (FGBU VNIIPO EMERCOM of Russia), 12, microdistrict VNIIPO, 143903, Moscow region, Balashikha 
tel. +7(495)524-98-49 
firelab_vniipo@mail.ru

Irina Semibratova - FGBU VNIIPO EMERCOM of Russia, 12, microdistrict VNIIPO, 143903, Moscow region, Balashikha 

Natalia Tereshina - FGBU VNIIPO EMERCOM of Russia, 12, microdistrict VNIIPO, 143903, Moscow region, Balashikha 

Andrey Shashkov - PhD, LLC PF "Kadoteks 2000", app. VII, 2, Uglovoy per., 127055, Moscow, Russia, 
tel. +7(499)480-89-00
lurva@yandex.ru

Issue: 44/45 (2016)



For citation: N.L Konstantinova, LS. Semibratova, N.A. Tereshina, A.O. Shashkov. Low fire hazard textile materials for shipbuilding. Research Bulletin by Russian Maritime Register of Shipping. 2016, No. 44/45, pp. 69-74.

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UDC:  614.841.22
Pages:  69-74
Article (.pdf):  Download


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